In 1975, Franco died, but the existence of censorship for cinema dragged on for another two years. But after it was canceled, modern directors were replaced. Some began to take cover from politics and society, explored the depths of national identity. Other directors began to strip people, shooting erotic and candid scenes en peliculas online.
This situation lasted until the 1980s, but the removal of censorship led to the fact that viewers did not watch new films by Spanish creators, but pounced on American blockbusters with interest. The government hoped that by subsidizing national cinema, they would come to the attention of the audience, but everything turned out the other way around. Many Spaniards simply stopped attending movie theaters.
Many directors, as in the early years of perestroika, followed the path of critical realism of the author’s “new Spanish cinema”. Among the most striking paintings should be highlighted:
“The Hive” (La Colmena, 1982) Marir Camus– an adaptation of Camilo Jose Sela’s novel, which gives a critical assessment of Franco’s reign; Films of Carlos Saura “Carmen” (Carmen, 1981) and “Flamenco” (Flamenco, 1995), where the director explores gypsy culture from all sides; Victor Erice’s paintings “South” (El Sur, 1983) and “The Sun in the leaves of quince tree” (El sol del membrillo, 1992), which became masterpieces.
In the transitional period, the soil arose for the appearance of women directors in the cinema. Pilar Miro enjoyed the greatest authority. Particularly popular was the painting “Gary Cooper, who is in heaven” (Gary Cooper, que estas en los cilos, 1981), which tells about a woman who joined in the fight against discrimination and deadly disease. The last work of this woman was the picture “Your name poisons my dreams” (Tu nombre envenera mis suenos, 1996), which was released a year before the woman’s death.
If during the transition period the directors preferred to shoot “naked” films and tear off masks, then in the 1990s the situation changed significantly. Now the directors began to address the deep topic of personality. It was during this period that a huge number of paintings appeared, which attracted the attention of international cinema.